It is traditionally believed that the German Shepherd breed appeared in 1899. In fact, this is only a clearly defined reference point, although similar dogs existed before. Moreover, a professional military man named Max von Stefanitz, who is credited with this merit, simply bought his first pet at the exhibition. Subsequently, he standardized the breed and succeeded in creating a successful breeding program.
Moreover, the first individual was a cross between a wolf and a dog, and von Stefanitz was crossing his male, bought at the show, named Hector Linsrain with the best local shepherd dogs. A little later, he renamed the purchased dog, giving him the nickname Horand von Grafet. Stefanitz traveled throughout Germany in search of the best dogs, examining in detail their character and appearance.
He also studied the methods of breeding programs of British breeders, as their school was many hundreds of years old, and they achieved significant results in breeding many breeds. At first, he wanted to create a shepherd’s dog, which would combine all the conceivable and inconceivable best qualities, however, he drew attention to the fact that the world around is constantly improving and agriculture is no longer as relevant as it was 20-30 years ago.
For this reason, he decided to bet on the performance characteristics of the breed, and in his breeding program moved in this direction. In anticipation of the First World War, he managed to negotiate with state law enforcement agencies to use his dogs in test mode in some government agencies. Firstly, it was the police, and secondly, the border troops.
Since the beginning of the First World War, dogs served as orderlies, rescuers, security guards, couriers between trenches, watchmen, and even helpers in transporting ammunition and food to the front line. As you can see, the scope of application of the German shepherd from the very beginning was extremely wide, and required animals to give all their best. The German Shepherd breed was added to the British and American registries after the First World War, although in England the confusion with the name continued until 1977.
The German Shepherd is a large dog with a massive, muscular physique, a voluminous chest and a powerful long neck. The ears are erect, the muzzle is elongated, square. Extremities of medium length, tail fluffy, saber. The coat is long.
For many people around the world, the German Shepherd to this day is an example of what an ideal dog should be like. Firstly, of course, it should be said about their high intelligence – there are few breeds in the world that could compete with the German Shepherd in this regard. Sometimes it may seem to you that you seem to communicate with a person in the body of a dog who, despite the lack of ability to speak, manages to convey to you the whole gamut of his feelings and thoughts through facial expressions, voice and body language.
The German Shepherd understands the person perfectly, and, if it comes to the owner, often she understands him even before he expressed his desire. They need some time to introduce a new person to their circle of friends, but if he falls into this circle, the dog will remember him for a long time.
The owner is another story. This is the king, God, and the highest living creature in the mind of a German shepherd. Thanks to their intelligence, they can be trained in almost anything – to help a blind person on the street, to help a deaf to learn about a doorbell, to bring everything that a person bedridden with an illness should bring, to recognize explosives, to guard the territory, or a person.
It is impossible to list all conceivable areas in which the German shepherd is involved today. Moreover, to perform various work and help people, and, especially – the owner, these dogs really like. And, on the contrary, if the dog lives on a leash, even as a watchman, but is inactive and not having close contact with his beloved people and the owner, he will be unhappy. Even if you leave the German Shepherd alone without any particular occupation, and just give her food, she will also be sad, she will lose her appetite.
They need a job and a boss to be happy, this is an axiom. German shepherds treat children very well, they are excellent companions for the whole family. They need to be introduced to other dogs and cats at an early age to reduce interspecific and inter-gender aggression.
If you have the opportunity, try to provide the animal with regular physical activity and training, combined with elements of training. These dogs are often perceived by strangers through the prism of their attitude to the owner — they default to responsibility for their family, and if a stranger shows aggression, they can defend and even attack without warning or command.
It’s easy to train a German shepherd. These dogs have practically no internal stubbornness, and the breed itself loves the process of training, gaining new knowledge and skills. But – you need to start from an early age, about six months. You need to be consistent, patient and kind owner, strict where necessary. Do not forget to use rewards and pamper your pet with snacks for the successful completion of the task.
You need to comb out the hair of a German shepherd dog twice a week, cut its nails three times a month and always make sure that your pet’s eyes and ears are clean. A dog is usually bathed 1-2 times a week.
The breed of dogs the German shepherd, like other breeds, is susceptible to certain diseases, including hereditary:
hip dysplasia is a hereditary disease;
elbow dysplasia is a hereditary disease;
expansion (bloating) of the stomach – Volvulus;
exocrine pancreatic insufficiency;
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